Psykisk Hälsa

Aktiva tekniker i gruppsykoterapi

Active techniques in group psychotherapy

Bertil Sundin
Gestalt psychotherapy, Psychoanalysis, PsychodramaResearchExpert opinionSwedish
Journal Article - Paid access


Discusses the effectiveness of group psychotherapy in the 1970's, essentially from the group leader's viewpoint; juxtaposes approaches of W. R. Bion (1961) and T. Saretsky (1977) to group psychotherapy; and examines Y. D. Yalom's (1975) critique of the former. New techniques have caused deeper therapist awareness, but earlier assumptions of a group's "natural tempo" are dangerous and untimely. Current methods and techniques can accelerate learning and progress if they are appropriately integrated with traditional approaches. One-sided verbal groups are criticized, and it is argued that more active forms of psychodrama, gestalt therapy, and bioenergetics show dramatic results, particularly in uncovering blocked feelings. Saretsky's approach involves each participant learning group therapy in the 1st stage, causing process acceleration and cohesion increase. Support is offered for Saretsky's theory that this does not increase therapist influence or block attacks against him/her. Group dynamics are not decreased, and transfer phenomena may become more concrete. In the 2nd stage, experiments are adapted to conflicts at hand, and in the 3rd and 4th stages they center around proximity and distance.

APA citation

Sundin, B. (1980). Aktiva tekniker i gruppsykoterapi. Psykisk Hälsa, 21(3), 148-159.