Psychoterapia

Skuteczność psychoterapii Gestalt w zakresie regulacji emocji u pacjentów z zaburzeniami nerwicowymi/lękowymi

The effectiveness of Gestalt therapy in the area of emotion regulation conducted in patients with neurotic/anxiety disorders

Gestalt psychotherapyResearchIndividual randomized controlled trials with big samples (n>30)Polish
Journal Article - Open access

Abstract

Autorzy prezentują badania, których celem była ocena wpływu terapii grupowej w podejściu Gestalt na strategie regulacji emocji, stosowane przez pacjentów z rozpoznaniem zaburzeń nerwicowych. Artykuł wprowadza czytelnika w problematykę regulacji emocji, opisuje optymalne i zakłócone strategie reagowania oraz metody terapii Gestalt, związane z wprowadzaniem zmian w tym zakresie, jak również wyniki badań, wskazujące na zakres skuteczności tego rodzaju oddziaływań.
Objectives: The aim of the paper is to evaluate effectiveness of Gestalt therapy in the area of emotion regulation. Affective processes and regulation of emotion play an important part in the aetiology and clinical description of neurotic/anxiety disorder. When people who suffer this type of disorder face a negative experience they often use disadvantageous strategies, such as compulsive activities or avoidance. One of the meaningful aims of Gestalt therapy is to change that negative patterns of reaction, therefore the evaluation of its effects reinforces critical thinking about the therapy effectiveness.

Method: 21 participants of Gestalt therapy groups were subjects of the research. The control group contained the same amount of people. Three questionnaires were used to assess strategies of emotion regulation: the Courtauld Emotional Control Scale (CECS) by Watson and Greer, the Anger Expression Scale (SEG) by Ogihska-Bulik and Juczynski and the Questionnaire of Emotion Regulation Adequacy (KARE) by Janowski in which the subjects had to indicate strategies that they would probably use in emotional situations and those that they assessed as being the most profitable. Questionnaire answers were collected on the beginning of Gestalt therapy and three months later.

Results: The results have shown some expected changes within the declared reactions, but the significant modification of most optimal answers has not been noticed.

Conclusions: Short-lasting positive effects of Gestalt therapy in the field of emotion regulation were confirmed.

APA citation

Janowski, M., & Biedrycka, M. (2014). Skuteczność psychoterapii Gestalt w zakresie regulacji emocji u pacjentów z zaburzeniami nerwicowymi/lękowymi. Psychoterapia, 171, 63-75. http://doi.org/10.12740/pt/30926