Directive play therapy: Theories and techniques.

Humanistic sandtray therapy with children and adults

Stephen Armstrong, Ryan Foster, Tim Brown, Joan Davis
Humanistic and experiential psychotherapiesTheory discussionEnglish
Book Chapter - Paid access

Abstract

In sandtray therapy, clients use miniature figures to create scenes in the sand that represent their inner experiences, Sandtray provides clients with a safe, indirect, nonverbal, and symbolic ways to express emotions and issues that they may struggle to voice in traditional talk therapy. Humanistic therapy includes several major schools of psychotherapy: (a) person-centered, (b) existential, (c) gestalt, and (d) experiential therapies. Humanistic sandtray therapy is theoretically grounded in two of these major schools: person-centered and gestalt therapy. According to Even and Armstrong, "humanistic sandtray therapy is a dynamic and expressive form of psychotherapy that allows clients to express their inner worlds through symbol and metaphor". In humanistic sandtray, therapists facilitate a process of exploration and expression in the context of a deep and personal relationship that focuses on here and now inner experiencing.

APA citation

Armstrong, S., Foster, R., Brown, T., & Davis, J. (2017). Humanistic sandtray therapy with children and adults. In Directive play therapy: Theories and techniques. (pp. 217-253, ).