Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Predictors of differential response to cognitive, experiential, and self-directed psychotherapeutic procedures.

Humanistic and experiential psychotherapiesResearchNon-randomized controlled trials or naturalistic studyEnglish
Journal Article - Paid access

Abstract

Group cognitive therapy (CGT), focused expressive psychotherapy (FEP; a form of group experiential psychotherapy), and supportive, self-directed therapy (S/SD) were compared among 63 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Variation among patients' coping styles (externalization) and defensiveness (resistance potential) was used in a prospective test of hypothesized differential treatment–patient interactions. Results suggest that patient characteristics can be used differentially to assign psychotherapy types. Externalizing depressed patients improved more than nonexternalizing depressed patients in CGT, whereas nonexternalizing (internalizing) patients improved most in S/SD. Conversely, high defensive (resistant) patients improved more in S/SD than in either FEP or CGT, whereas low defensive patients improved more in CGT than in S/SD.

APA citation

Beutler, L. E., Engle, D., Mohr, D., Daldrup, R. J., Bergan, J., Meredith, K., & Merry, W. (1991). Predictors of differential response to cognitive, experiential, and self-directed psychotherapeutic procedures. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 59(2), 333-340. http://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.59.2.333