Psychotherapeut

Integrative Gestalttherapie in Österreich: Ausbildungs- und Berufsbedingungen, Kohärenzgefühl und Burn-out.

Integrative Gestalt therapy in Austria. Training and professional conditions, sense of coherence and burnout.

Gestalt psychotherapyResearchNon-randomized controlled trials or naturalistic studyGerman
Journal Article - Open access

Abstract

Evaluation und Qualitätssicherung in der Psychotherapie nehmen wachsenden Raum ein. Wichtig ist hierzu die differenzierte Betrachtung der Ausbildungslandschaft und der Arbeitsbedingungen von PsychotherapeutInnen, die wesentlich zu deren psychischem Wohlbefinden und beruflicher Entwicklung beitragen. Der retrospektiven Einschätzung von Input-, Prozess- und Output-Variablen der Psychotherapieausbildung kommt dabei große Bedeutung zu, da so die nachhaltige Relevanz von Ausbildungsbestandteilen erfasst werden kann und AbsolventInnen
als LehrtherapeutInnen und/oder im Rahmen der Berufspolitik Einfluss auf die zukünftige Gestaltung der
Ausbildung nehmen können.
Background: Only a few studies have been conducted focusing on the different aspects of psychotherapy training in Austria as well as on psychological well-being and the professional development of psychotherapists. Objective: In this explorative study graduates of the specialist faculty of integrative Gestalt (IG) therapy of the Austrian Working Group for Group Therapy and Group Dynamics (ÖAGG) were therefore questioned regarding their psychotherapy training, their current work situation, as well as their sense of coherence and burnout symptoms. Material and methods: Between October 2015 and April 2016 a total of 62 psychotherapists completed a sociodemographic questionnaire developed in cooperation with the specialist section of IG therapy of the ÖAGG, together with the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-29). Participants had begun their psychotherapy training on average 21 years (SD ± 9.01) ago and completed it on average 13 years (SD ± 9.17) ago. Results: Self-experience, training therapy and training supervision were rated as especially important for personal and professional development. Furthermore, the IG therapists also showed a higher than average sense of coherence (p p n = 40) reported having a strong identity as an IG therapist; however, they also mostly (n = 35) reported a low involvement in professional policy. Conclusion: After years of job experience, psychotherapists still underline the high value of practical experiences during psychotherapy training. In addition, more years of experience as a psychotherapist seem to be related to more resilience. Therefore, future studies should for example aim to further investigate the effects of supervision on the development and job satisfaction of psychotherapists.

APA citation

Hiebler-Ragger, M., Gollner, C., Klampfl, P., Nausner, L., & Unterrainer, H. -F. (2018). Integrative Gestalttherapie in Österreich: Ausbildungs- und Berufsbedingungen, Kohärenzgefühl und Burn-out. Psychotherapeut, 63, 145-152. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00278-017-0245-1